Records of Pidgeons at Watford, Hertfordshire in 1539 suggest that a family originated in the area. On the other hand, Pidgeons in London and Hampshire appeared there much later, and probably came from elsewhere.
Pidgeons were recorded in Hertfordshire in the reign of Henry VIII. Francis Pygeon was baptised at Watford one year after parish records were introduced in England and Wales in 1538. These early records which have survived are incomplete, so it is difficult to connect various families. "Herts-1" is a family which can be traced to modern times. "Herts-2" is a compilation of the other smaller families.
Herts-1 Henry PIDGEON and his wife Rosa baptised five children at North Mimms between 1676 and 1686. Some of their grandchildren moved to Little Berkhampsted, Hatfield and Cheshunt. Later generations are shown on six branches, five of which moved to north London:
A great-great-grandson of Henry and Rose was John PIDGEON of Little Berkhampstead. In 1773 he married Esther RICH at Hatfield. Their five surviving sons all married and moved south to north London.
...... Edmonton-1 branch Thomas PIDGEON was the second son of John and Esther, He married Susan Warwick at Chingford, Essex in 1814. Although at least one child was baptised at Chingford, the family settled at Edmonton.
...... Edmonton-3 branch James PIDGEON was the fourth son of John and Esther. He married Sarah Abrahart at Edmonton in 1808. Many of the family still live in Edmonton, although one branch has recently returned to their ancestral Hertfordshire.
...... Walthamsow branch Robert PIDGEON was the youngest son of John and Esther. He married Susannah, probably at Walthamstow, Essex about 1814. This was where Susannah was born and where the family settled.
In addition to those from Hertfordshire, Pidgeons came to London from all over England at various times, and many are to be found on other pages of this web site. The following families were living in London from the time of the earliest records.
London Henry PIGEON was born about 1691 - somewhere. He married his second wife Ann HARRIS at Bermondsey in 1729. Their son Henry was a distiller of wines and spirits. It is not know whether the elder Henry was also a distiller, but the younger Henry PIGEON and his descendants ran the family business at Southwark for well over 100 years.
London & Tyneside John PIGEON was married twice in London, and became one of the first policemen in the London Metropolitan Police Force created by Sir Robert Peel in 1829. His son John was a seaman and ended up marrying on Tyneside,
London & Reading John Winter PIDGEON was born at Henley, Oxfordshire in 1771. As a young man he was employed as a clerk in London by a friend of his father, Jonathan SILLS. After Jonathan's death, John Winter married the niece of his widow, Elizabeth CLARK. One of their sons Jonathan Sills PIDGEON became a stockbroker, while another, Henry Clark PIDGEON became a famous artist.
London, Australia & NZ James Frederick & Charles John PIDGEON were born at Paddington, London in 1822 & 1824, respectively. James was convicted of theft and transported to Australia, and Charles later followed him there. James died young leaving two children who were taken to New Zealand by "an uncle and an aunt".
London & Croydon Thomas PIDGEON was apparently born at Peterborough, Northamptonshire and his wife Ann at Sturminster Newton in Dorset. We do not know where they married, but they lived at Gillingham and Chatham in Kent, before settling at Croydon, Surrey. Their son John PIDGEON married Mary DAVIS at Paddington in 1854, and srttled in Marylebone. One of John's daughters emigrated to Australia in 1927 with her husband and family.